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OBSERVATOIRE DE LA SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE ET NUTRITIONNELLE
BULLETIN D’ALERTE PRECOCE N°02/Juin 2014
EBOLA CRISIS IMPACTS FARMING, FOOD AVAILABILITY AND MARKET ACCESS
A BRIEF HISTORY
Food security first emerged as a major issue in the early 1970s as a result of the food crisis in 1972-74 (brought about by a dramatic increase in the price of oil).The events of the mid 1980s (a famine in Africa in 1984-85, the impact of structural adjustment policies on the provision of basic needs in developing countries) consolidated the issue as one of major concern.
Over this time period, the focus of attention shifted from adequate food supplies at the national and international level to concerns about the ability of individuals and households to access sufficient food.

WHY FOOD SECURITY? WHY NOW?
-Global demand for food will continue to rise
.Growth in population and, more importantly, income
.Migration of people from rural to urban areas
-Growth in the supply of food is slowing
.Degradation of key resources (e.g., water, land) needed for food production
.Slowdown in research expenditures on agricultural technology
-Climate change also adds considerable uncertainty to the production situation
-The major issue of concern is the price of food

FOOD SECURITY TWO SEPARATE ISSUES
1- A sufficient supply of food to meet people's caloric requirements for an active and healthy life
2- Ensuring an individual's access to that food supply in a secure and timely fashion
3- Access to food has at least three dimensions
.An entitlement to access (to produce, purchase or exchange food)
.The degree of access security (or, alternatively, riskiness)
.The timeliness of access (access that is neither chronic nor cyclical)

SUPPLY SUFFICIENCY
- Emerging as a major issue because the growth in the
productivity of the global food system threatens to decline just as the demands on the system because of higher population and income are becoming greater
- Instead of taking fewer and fewer inputs to produce an ever increasing output, as has been the case in agriculture for the last 100 plus years, the growth in output per input is slowing
- Many reasons for slowdown in productivity
.Resource degradation
.Less investment in agricultural research
.Poor coordination of activities across geographical regions and parts of the supply chain
- The result: Higher prices

HISTORIC OF NUTRITION
Nutritional discoveries from the earliest days of history have had a positive effect on our health and well-being. The word nutrition itself means “The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and replacement of tissues.”  Nutrients are substances that are essential to life which must be supplied by food.
Today more than ever, obtaining nutritional knowledge can make a big difference in our lives.  Air, soil, and water pollution in addition to modern farming techniques, have depleted our soils of vital minerals.  The widespread use of food additives, chemicals, sugar and unhealthy fats in our diets contributes to many of the degenerative diseases of our day such as cancer, heart disease, arthritis and osteoporosis.  Here is a brief history of the science that offers the hope of improving our health naturally.
Remarks from H.E. Madam the Secretary-General of the Mano River Union (MRU)
WAAPP Liberia Hosts MRU Countries Consultative
Meeting to Develop a Strategy to Increase Rain-fed
and Upland Rice Production in Mano River Union Countries.

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